Acta Botanica Sinica Volume 44 Issue 3, Pages 259-263.
Embryological Studies on Facultative Apomixis in Apluda mutica (Gramineae)

MA San Me, YE Xiu Lin*, ZHAO Nan Xian, LIANG Cheng Ye

Abstract:

A cytological study on Apluda mutica L. revealed that this species was a facultative apomict with 60.74% of apomictic embryo sac formation. Its sexual reproduction exhibited the characteristics of polygonum type embryo sac formation. After the 3 megaspores at the micropylar end had degenerated, leaving only the chalazal megaspore in the nucellus, a nucellar cell adjacent to the megaspore differentiated into an aposporous initial, which later developed into a panicum type embryo sac. It was an aposporous 4 nucleate embryo sac without chromosome reduction and composed of an egg, a single synergid and a central cell with 2 polar nuclei. The chalazal megaspore degenerated before the onset of the division in the aposporous initial cell.

水蔗草兼性无融合生殖胚胎学研究

马三梅1,2  叶秀粦1*  赵南先1  梁承邺1

(1.中国科学院华南植物研究所,广州,5106502.烟台师范学院生物学,烟台,264025)

摘要:对水蔗草(Apluda mutica L.)的生殖方式进行研究,结果表明水蔗草进行兼性无融合生殖.胚囊发育分为两种类型,即有性生殖的蓼型和无孢子生殖的大黍型.无融合生殖胚囊频率为60.74%.在大孢子母细胞发育至四分体后,珠孔端的3个大孢子解体.合点端的大孢子未解体时,邻近大孢子的1个珠心细胞开始特化,形成无融合生殖的原始细胞,由该原始细胞发育形成有1个卵细胞、1个助细胞和2个极核的四核胚囊.

关键词 水蔗草 兼性无融合生殖 胚胎学 无孢子生殖

*通讯作者

 


Keywords:

PROMOTIONS

    Photo Gallery
Scan with iPhone or iPad to view JIPB online
Scan using WeChat with your smartphone to view JIPB online
Editorial Office, Journal of Integrative Plant Biology, Institute of Botany, CAS
No. 20 Nanxincun, Xiangshan, Beijing 100093, China
Tel: +86 10 6283 6133 Fax: +86 10 8259 2636 E-mail: jipb@ibcas.ac.cn

Copyright © 2017 by the Institute of Botany, the Chinese Academy of Sciences
Online ISSN: 1744-7909 Print ISSN: 1672-9072 CN: 11-5067/Q