J Integr Plant Biol ›› 2020, Vol. 62 ›› Issue (9): 1327-1340.DOI: 10.1111/jipb.12977

• Research Articles • Previous Articles     Next Articles

The C-terminal 17 amino acids of the photoreceptor UVR8 is involved in the fine-tuning of UV-B signaling

Li Lin, Huaxi Dong, Guoqian Yang and Ruohe Yin*   

  1. Joint Center for Single Cell Biology, Key Laboratory of Urban Agriculture Ministry of Agriculture, School of Agriculture and Biology, Shanghai Jiao Tong University, Shanghai 200240, China

    *Correspondence:
    Email: Ruohe Yin (ruohe.yin@sjtu.edu.cn)
  • Received:2020-02-10 Accepted:2020-06-01 Online:2020-09-01 Published:2020-09-08

Abstract:

Plant UV‐B responses are mediated by the photoreceptor UV RESISTANCE LOCUS 8 (UVR8). In response to UV‐B irradiation, UVR8 homodimers dissociate into monomers that bind to the E3 ubiquitin ligase CONSTITUTIVE PHOTOMORPHOGENIC1 (COP1). The interaction of the C27 domain in the C‐terminal tail of UVR8 with the WD40 domain of COP1 is critical for UV‐B signaling. However, the function of the last 17 amino acids (C17) of the C‐terminus of UVR8, which are adjacent to C27, is unknown, although they are largely conserved in land plants. In this study, we established that Arabidopsis thaliana UVR8 C17 binds to full‐length UVR8, but not to COP1, and reduces COP1 binding to the remaining portion of UVR8, including C27. We hypothesized that overexpression of C17 in a wild‐type background would have a dominant negative effect on UVR8 activity; however, C17 overexpression caused strong silencing of endogenous UVR8 , precluding a detailed analysis. We therefore generated YFP‐UVR8N423 transgenic lines, in which C17 was deleted, to examine C17 function indirectly. YFP‐UVR8N423 was more active than YFP‐UVR8, suggesting that C17 inhibits UV‐B signaling by attenuating binding between C27 and COP1. Our study reveals an inhibitory role for UVR8 C17 in fine‐tuning UVR8–COP1 interactions during UV‐B signaling.

The activity of the plant ultraviolet light (UV) photoreceptor UVR8 requires its physical interaction with COP1 E3 ubiquitin ligase. Here, we demonstrate that the last 17 amino acids of UVR8 inhibit COP1 binding to the rest of UVR8, thereby hindering UVR8 activity in UV-B signaling.

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