J Integr Plant Biol. ›› 1992, Vol. 34 ›› Issue (1): -.

• Research Articles •    

Environmental Regulation of CO2 Exchange Pattern in Facultative CAM Plants

Gong Ning, Wei Ya-hui and Zhang Wei-jing   

Abstract: Three facultative CAM plants, Sedum spectabile, S. aizoon and Mesembryanthemum cordifolium, could take up CO2 throughout the night and daytime, and no phase Ill was observed during cloudy weather. The CO2 exchange patterns during cloudy day differed obviously from that during sunny day. But in the obligate CAM plants, Kalanchoe daigremontiana, Orostachys fimbriatus and Bryophyllum pinnatum, there were phase Ⅲ during cloudy day. These results showed that the COs exchange patterns with uptake of CO2 throughout the night and daytime were universal in facultative CAM plants during cloudy day, but not in obligate CAM plants, of which the CO2 exchange patterns were very stable. In the three facultative CAM plants, the difference of exchange patterns between cloudy and sunny days depended mainly on temperature change. The effect of the temperature on CO2 exchange patterns was mediated by the decarboxylation rate. At high temperature, the decarboxylation rate could be enhanced. It was found that the accumulation of malic acid at night in the three obligate CAM plants was much more than that in the three facultative C AM plants. So during cloudy day, the decarboxytion rate in the three obligate CAM plants was also higher. This might be an important cause that obligate CAM plants need not to take up CO2 during the daytime.

Key words: Environmental regulation, CO2 exchange pattern, Facultative CAM plant

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