J Integr Plant Biol. ›› 2004, Vol. 46 ›› Issue (9): 1100-1105.

• Research Articles • Previous Articles     Next Articles

Effects of Transgenic Tobacco Plants Expressing ACA Gene from Amaranthus caudatus on the Population Development of Myzus persicae

GUO Hong-Nian, JIA Yan-Tao, ZHOU Yong-Gang, ZHANG Zhen-Shan, OUYANG Qing, JIANG Ying , TIAN Ying-Chuan   


To investigate the possible function of the agglutinin from Amaranthus caudatus L. (ACA) in plant defending against insect pests, ACA cDNA was cloned by RT-PCR and the 5'' and 3'' sequences were confirmed by rapid amplification of cDNA ends (RACE). The phloem-specific expression vector of ACA gene, pBCACAc, was constructed based on the plant binary vector pBC438 and transfered into tobacco plants via Agrobacterium-mediated transformation method. Results from PCR and Southern blotting analysis showed that ACA gene was integrated into the genomes of transformed plants and the transgene integra-tion varied from one to four estimated copies per genome. Western blotting analysis indicated that ACA gene was transcribed and translated in the transgenic plants. The bioassay of Myzus persicae Sulzer on detached leaves demonstrated that the 78% transgenic tobacco plants displayed an average aphid-resistant rate of more than 75%. Some apterous progeny of M. persicae were found dead on the resistant plants. These results indicate that ACA gene should be an effective aphid-resistant gene and could be valuable for application in crop breeding for aphid resistance.

Key words: ACA gene, transgenic tobacco plants, aphid-resistant

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