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J Integr Plant Biol, 1993, 35 (8): -, Research Article
The Resumption of Cambial Activity and the Change of Peroxidase Isozymes in Broussonetia papyrifera
Cui Ke-ming,Luo Hai-long Li Ju-huai,Li Shao-wen,Wei Ling-bo and Li Zheng-li (Lee Cheng-lee)
doi:
Abstract
Five Broussonetia papyrifera (L.) Vent. trees were selected in a natural stand located on the campus of Peking University, Beijing, China. The trees were ca. 5-6 years old, 3-4 m tall,and had diameters of about 3 cm measured 1.2 m above ground level. They were samplied at monthly intervals between January 28 and March 25, then at ten-day intervals between March 25 and May 20,1991. On each occasion, one 3-year-old shoot was cut from the tree. Two blocks (about 1 cm ×1 cm) contained peridern,phloem,cambium and wood with more than one annual ring were cut from every shoot,fixed in FAA,and then were prepared for anatomical studies. And on each occasion,7 layers of tissues (from periderm to mature xylem)were scraped off from the shoots and 100 mg of separate tissues were randomly extracted in 0.1 ml of 20% sucrose. The extracts were used for isoelectric-focusing in polyacrylamide gel slabs (85 mm × 60 mm × 1 mm). Benziding and odianisidine was used as substrate. After electrophoresis the gel slabs were placed in the substrate buffer until the isozyme bands were visible. Owing to the ring-porous structure of the wood of Broussonetia papyrifera, the cambial activity was comparable with that in the most ring-porous dicots. The cambium activity started about ten days before bud sprouting. On April 4,the dormant cambial zone consisted of ca. 4 cell layers. The trees did not sprout until April 16,but ca. 2 cell layers of immature xylem and phloem were formed concomitantly. Ten days later, 8-9 cell layers of xylem and ca. 5 cell layers of phloem were formed. The formation of immature phloem cells continued to increase slowly between April 4 and May 20, whereas that of immature xylem cells increased rapidly between April 4 and April 26,and then decreased between April 26 and May 20. It was suggested that differentiation of immature xylem into mature xylem lasted ca. 10 days,whereas that of immature phloem into mature one lasted ca. 20 days. There were totally 6 peroxidase isozyme bands in dormant cambial region and functional phloem. Variation of zymogram in cambial region occurred before cambial activity activated which is followed by more or less minor changes of bands in all other tissues. These indicated that several significant changes were related to the level of endogenous IAA and differentiation of vascular tissues.
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