J Integr Plant Biol. ›› 1993, Vol. 35 ›› Issue (7): -.

• Research Articles •    

Confocal Microscopy of Microtubule Cytoskeleton in the Pollen Protoplast of Narcissus

Xu Shi-xiong(S. Y. Zee) ,Li Chun-gui and Zhu Cheng   

Abstract: Pollen protoplasts were isolated from the mature pollen grains of Narcissus cyclamineus using cellulase Onozuka'R-10 and pectinase in Bs medium. The microtubule cytoskeleton in the pollen protoplasts was studied using immunofluorescence and confocal microscopy. In the cortical region there was a very complex microtubule network. The network contained numerous whirl-like arrays. The microtubule bundles in the whirl-like arrays were connected with each other by smaller bundles indicating that the arrangement of the whirl-like bundles were quite well organized and not at random. From the cortex to the centre of the protoplast another microtubule network having a structure different from the one in the cortical region was present. This network was much loosely packed than the cortical network. The arrangement of the microtubule bundles near the vegetative nucleus was again different. Numerous granules appeared outside the nuclear membrane. From these granules microtubule bundles radiated towards the cytoplasm. The arrangement of the microtubule network around the generative cell showed no specialized features. But inside the cell three types of microtubule arrays were present. 1. parallel arrays, 2. network, and 3. a mixture of the two. In the bursted pollen protoplast (as a result of osmotic shock treatment )some microtubule bundles could still be found attached to the ghost. The microtubule bundles associated with the ghost were much fragmented. But some still retained their branches and junctions. In the dry cleaved samples,a number of organelles still remained attached to the membrane and they included : microtubules, microfilaments, coated vesicles, endoplasmic reticulum and numerous honey-comb-like apparatus. The honey-comb-like apparatus was named as coated pits by Traas (1984). But we feel that it is more appropriate to call this organelle the honey-comb apparatus and we also believe that this organelle may be involved in microtubule and/or microfilament organization.

Key words: Pollen protoplast, Microtubule cytoskeleton, Narcissus

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