J Integr Plant Biol. ›› 1991, Vol. 33 ›› Issue (7): -.

• Research Articles •    

The Influence of Different Factors on Cell Growth and α-tocopherol Content of Culture from Carthamus tinctorius

Gan Fan-yuan and Zheng Guang-zhi   

Abstract: Calli were induced from root, hypocotyl, cotyledon and flower bud of Carthamtus tinctorius. All calli had the capability to synthesize α-tocopherol. Among these calli, the hvpocotylcallus was better than others in cell growth rate and α-toeopherol content. Culture conditions could intensively influence the growth rate and α-tocopherol production of callus from Carthamus tinctorius. Sucrose (30g/L) was good for callus growth and glucose (30g/L) was good for α-tocopherol accumulation. High concentration (0.55%) of inositol could obviously stimulate both growth rate and α-tocopherol synthesis of callus. The inoculum quantity for best callus growth was 0.035 to 0.067g dry wt/flask (50ml volume). In addition, α-tocopherol content was effectively increased by culture callus in high CO2 concentration. Studies on optimum cuhure conditions of callus culture showed that the callus growth rate, α-tocopherol content and yield were 1.88, 2.03 and 3.30 times respectively as high as of the control by administration of 0.45%–0.55% inositol, 10% coconut milk, 0.1–0.5% casamino acid, 30g/L sucrose and 10g/L glucose.

Key words: Carthamus tinctorius, α-tocopherol, Growth rate, Callus culture, Culture Conditions

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