J Integr Plant Biol. ›› 1991, Vol. 33 ›› Issue (7): -.

• Research Articles •    

Studies on the Development of the Embryo and Endosperm of Nitraria sibirica Pall

Li Shi-weng and Tu Li-zhu   

Abstract: The pollen tube enters the embryo sac through the crassinucellus at the micropylar end, and brings about the porogamy. The embryogeny corresponds to the Solanad type. The defference of the suspensor structure is notable by comparing it with the other genera of Zygophyllaceae that have been studied. The endosperm is of the Nuclear type. Mitosis is the main form of the free endosperm nuclei proliferation. No cell plates develop in the early free nuclear division, however, they appear in late development, without developing into the cell wall and disappear ultimately. At the late globular embryo stage, cell formation in endosperm starts first from the micropylar end. The first anticlinal walls develop from the cell plate that is initiated from tile phragmoplast as a result of normal cytokinesis. Follwing this a wall begins to grow from the base of the cell plates, the outer growing margin soon fuses with the wall of the central cell, and the inner growing margin continues to grow towards the central vacuole. The growing walls branch and eventually fuse on the side nearest the central vacuole. Thus, the first periclinal walls are initiated, and a complete endosperm cell is formed. Along with the development of embryo, cell is gradually formed in the endosperm from the micropylar end towards the chalazal end, but the chalazal endosperm is still coenocytic until the endosperm disintegrate completely. The mature seed has no endosperm.

Key words: Nitraria sibirica Pall., Embryo and endosperm, Endosperm eeltularization.

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