J Integr Plant Biol. ›› 1991, Vol. 33 ›› Issue (5): -.

• Research Articles •    

The Effects of Immobilization on Photosynthesis, Growth, Nitrogen Fixation and Ammonium Ion Excretion of Mutant and Wild Type Cells of Anabaena variabilis

Shi Ding-ji, Wang Yong-xu and Fang Zhao-xi   

Abstract: Ammonium ion photoproduced by nitrogen-fixing cyanobacteria is formed from water, air nitrogen and solar energy under normal temperature and atmospheric pressure. It is reported here that the mutant and its parent wiid type cells of Anabaena variabilis from Shanmugan lab were immobilized into the polyurethane foams. The growth curves measured by cell counting, O.D750 measurement and ch]orophyll a determination showed that the growth of the immobilized wild type cells was more rapid than the immobilized mutant cells, and for both two types of cells the free-living cells grew better than the immobilized ones. The nitrogenase activity (reduction of C2H2) was 44% greater in immobilized mutant cells and 232% greater in immobilized wild type cells than both free-living cells, respectively. Free-living cells of wild type A. variabilis almost did not excrete any ammonium ion and the immobilized cells of the wild type had the ammonium ion excretion activity similar to that of the free-living mutant cells. Moreover, immobilization stimulated the activity of ammonium ion excretion 55.6% greater than the free-living cells, in the mutant strain. The fluorescence enhancement induced by DCMU (3-(3,4-dichlor-benzene)-1, 1-dimethl urea) indicated the photosynthetic capability of wild type ceils in both free-living and immobilized states were higher than that of the mutant cells, and the free-living cells of both two types of cells had higher capability than the immobilized cells. The fluorescence emission spectra at 77K showed that there were four peak emission: F646(F645 or F650) and F662(F664 or F665) from phycobilin, F693(F698,F700 or F702) from PS Ⅱ and F732(F728 or F733 from PS Ⅰ In both two types of immobilized cells the photosynthetic light energy distribution tended to be in PS Ⅰ and it seems to be benefitlal for the nitrogenase activity and ammonium ion excretion. SEM observation indicated that the shape and size of the immobilized cells remained unchanged incompared with the free-living cells, However, the surface of the immobilized cells had accumulated some mucilage, and particularly, the film of mucilage coated both surface of the mutant cells and the foam matrix.

Key words: hnmohilization, Mutant of Anabaena variabilis, Photosynthetic fluorescence emission spectra, Nitrogen fixation and excretion of ammonium

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