J Integr Plant Biol. ›› 1991, Vol. 33 ›› Issue (2): -.

• Research Articles •    

Study on Tissue and Protoplast Culture of Wild Cotton (Gossypium davidsonii)

Lu Zhen-xin and Xia Zhen-ao (Hsia Chen-au)   

Abstract: This paper deals with the study on the condition of callus formation, embryogenesis, organogenesis, plant regeneration and protoplast culture of wild cotton (G. davidsonii) Callus cultures derived from several organs such as root, stem, leaf, cotyledon and hypocotyl. The results obtained in these cultures showed that the modified MS medium containing 2,4-D 1.0+KT 0.1; 2,4-D 0.1+KT 0.01; NAA (IAA) 2.0+KT 0.1 and NAA (IAA) 1.0+KT 0.1 mg/L were favorable to callus formation. Modified MS medium containing 2,4-D was suitable for initiated callus of G. davidsonii Besides, suspension cultures from callus of G. davidsonii were saccessfully initiated. Optimum concentration of 6BA (or ZT, or 2ip) and NAA (IAA) was for shooting, somatic embryo or leaf formation. Plantlets regenerated from somatic embryo at lower concentration of 6BA, or ZT, or 2ip. As to protoplast culture of this species, the age and physiological condition of callus or suspension cells and concentration of enzymes used for protoplast isolation affected the yield and survival of protoplasts. Protoplast of this species cultured in modified MS medium containing 2,4-D 0.5+NAA 0.5+ZT 0.1–0.2 mg/L. and divied after 3–4 days. The rate of division was 3--4% and cell cluster formed after 14 days, then these cells died.

Key words: Wild cotton (Gossypium davidsonii), Explant, Organogenesis Somatic embryo, Protoplast culture, Plantlet regeneration

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