J Integr Plant Biol. ›› 1995, Vol. 37 ›› Issue (8): -.

• Research Articles •    

Observation of Pollen Tube Behaviour and Early Embryogenesis Following Interspecies Pollination Between Actinidia deliciosa and A. arguta

Liang Tie-bing and Mu Xi-jin   

Abstract: The pollen tube behaviour in the style and early embryogenesis following interspecies pollination between Actinidia deliciosa No. 26 and A. arguta were observed by means of fluorescence and light microscopy. Pollen grains germinated on the papillate stigma and pollen tubes grew along the V-shaped open-type style. Pollen tubes showed slower growth and reached the ovules 50--60 hours later than those of the control. Several abnormalities of pollen tubes have been observed at the base of the style, including wave-like pollen tubes, pollen tubes with swollen or pointed tips, with variable diameters, and a few with irregular growth. Random deposition of callose along pollen tube wall and even the whole wall was observed. About 26.74 % of the ovules were successfully fertilized and developed into seeds, among them 68.50% of the seeds were normal and 31.50% were abortive. About 11.41% were empty seeds without embryo and endosperm. Unfertilized small ovule was 61.45 %. Normal seed and its embryo were smaller than those of the control. The development of embryo was of the Soland type. The endosperm was cellular. The zygote remained quiescent for about 12-15 days before it started to divide, eventually forming a cotyledonary embryo 50 days after pollination.

Key words: Actinidia, Interspecific cross, Pollen tube behaviour, Embryogenesis

Editorial Office, Journal of Integrative Plant Biology, Institute of Botany, CAS
No. 20 Nanxincun, Xiangshan, Beijing 100093, China
Tel: +86 10 6283 6133 Fax: +86 10 8259 2636 E-mail: jipb@ibcas.ac.cn
Copyright © 2022 by the Institute of Botany, the Chinese Academy of Sciences
Online ISSN: 1744-7909 Print ISSN: 1672-9072 CN: 11-5067/Q