J Integr Plant Biol. ›› 1995, Vol. 37 ›› Issue (1): -.

• Research Articles •    

Periodicity of Cambial Activity and Changes of Starch Content in Broussonetia papyrifera

Cui Ke-ming, Wei Ling-bo, Li Ju-huai, Li Shao-wen and Li Zheng-li(Lee Cheng-lee)   

Abstract: Methods of sampling and sections preparaction were the same as reported previously. Except that sampling was made at monthly intervals between May 20 and July 30, then at 7–14 day-intervals between July 30 and October 14, and then at monthly intervals between October 14 and March 25 in the next year. The stored starch in various tissues was stained with PAS reaction. During active period of cambium in Broussonetia papyrifera after July 30, the cell layers of immature xylem and phloem decreased progressively, and the formation of mature xylem and phloem increased rapidly. The formation of late wood started early in August, formation of xylem ceased after September 5, followed by ceasation of phloem formation about 1.5 months later. Increasing and decreasing of stored starch were closely related to the periodicity of cambial activity during the year. Starch grains decreased progressively after cambial activity was resumed in early spring until they disappeared in all the stem tissues. Then, starch accumulated progressively again after cambial activity slowed down, particularly after the ceasation of xylem formation. However, after the formation of phloem had ceased, the stored starch once again disappeared progressively until the end of December, and accumulated again. Such changes might be related to the transition of cambium activity involving two periods of dormancy.

Key words: Broussonetia papyrifera, Periodicity of cambial activity, Starch content

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