J Integr Plant Biol. ›› 1996, Vol. 38 ›› Issue (10): -.

• Research Articles •    

ITS1 Sequences of Nuclear Ribosomal DNA in Wild Rices and Cultivated Rices of China and Their Phylogenetic Implications

Zhou Yi, Zou Yu-ping, Hong De-yuan, Zhou Jun-ma and Chen Shou-yi   

Abstract: he first internal transcribed spacer (ITS1) of nuclear ribosomal DNA of three wild rice species and two subspecies of cultivated rice, which are distributed in China, was amplified using PCR technique and sequenced with automated fluorescent sequencing. The sequences of ITS1 ranged from 193 bp to 218 bp in size and G/C content varied from 69.3%to 72.7%. In pairwise comparison among the five taxa, sequence site divergence ranged from 1.5 % to 10.6%. Phylogenetic analysis of ITS1 sequences using Wagner parsimony generated a single well-resolved tree, which revealed that Oryza rufipogon was much more closely related to cultivated rice species than to the other two wild species. Oryza granulata was less closely related to either cultivated rice species or the other two wild species, and might be a unique and isolated taxon in the genus Oryza. The phylogenetic relationships of the three wild rice species and two cultivated rice subspecies inferred from ITS1 sequences is highly concordant with those based on the molecular evidence from isozyme, chloroplast DNA (cpDNA), mitochondrial DNA (mtDNA) and nuclear DNA (nDNA) of the genus Oryza.

Key words: Wild rice: Cultivated rice, ITS1 of rDNA, Sequence analysis, Phylogeny

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