J Integr Plant Biol. ›› 1996, Vol. 38 ›› Issue (9): -.

• Research Articles •    

Relation Between Desiccation Sensitivity and Membrane Permeability of Developing Clausena lansium Seeds

Jiang Xiao-cheng, Fu Jia-rui and Huang Sheng-qin   

Abstract: Desiccation sensitivity and its relation to membrane permeability of the embryonic axes of the developing wampee (Clausena lansium (Lour.) Skeels) seeds were studied by measuring the changes in electrolyte leakage, germination and vigor index after the embryonic axes were rapidly air-dried to various water contents. During development, the fresh and dry weight per seed reached nearly maximum value at 72 d after anthesis, but the dry weight per embryonic axis continuously increased until 85 d after anthesis. The embryonic axes acquired the full capacity for germination at 58 d after anthesis and their vigor index continuously rose up from 51 to 92 d after anthesis. The electrolyte leakage of the developing the embryonic axes linearly declined to the minimum value at 72 d after anthesis and then went up again. The electrolyte leakage of the embryonic axes was higher than that of the whole seeds at the same time. The immature embryonic axes did not germinate completely, while mild desiccation could improve their viability. Any degree of desiccation decreased the vigor index of the embryonic axes which have reached physiological maturation and the decline of vigor index was corresponded to the increase of electrolyte leakage. According to this experiment, the authors concluded that wampee seeds did not gain desiccation-tolerance which was a characteristic of orthodox seeds during development. High water content was essential for maintaining membrane integrity and stabiligy of matured wampee seeds. The injury of seed viability during dehydration could be estimated by using the electro-conductivity method.

Key words: Seeds of Clausena lansium, Desiccation sensitivity, Membrane permeability

Editorial Office, Journal of Integrative Plant Biology, Institute of Botany, CAS
No. 20 Nanxincun, Xiangshan, Beijing 100093, China
Tel: +86 10 6283 6133 Fax: +86 10 8259 2636 E-mail: jipb@ibcas.ac.cn
Copyright © 2022 by the Institute of Botany, the Chinese Academy of Sciences
Online ISSN: 1744-7909 Print ISSN: 1672-9072 CN: 11-5067/Q