J Integr Plant Biol. ›› 1999, Vol. 41 ›› Issue (9): -.

• Research Articles •    

Studies on the Nucleic Acid and Protein Content in the Cotyledon Cells of Lotus Using Fluorescent Imaging System with a Scientificgrade Charge Coupled Device

LI Su-Wen, CUI Jian-Sheng, LIU Jin-Ying, WANG Chen, TANG Pei-Hua and XUE Shao-Bai   

Abstract: Enzyme dissociated cotyledon cells were obtained from red lotus ( Nelumbo sp. ) on the 5th day and 20th day after fertilization respectively. DNA, RNA and total protein content of individual 5 d and 20 d cell were measured correlatively by microfiuorescent imaging system with a cooled scientific-grade Charge coupled deviced (CCD) camera. The results showed that DNA content of the 20 day cell has become polyploidized from 4C to 8C approximately. The window analysis indicated that relative content of RNA and total protein of the 20 day cell was more than 11 times that of the 5 day cell in the same 4C DNA window respectively. The multiple in-creased of RNA and total protein content was about the same as that of DNA in 2 DNA windows (4C and 8C) of the 20 day cell. These data showed that the enormous accumulation of storage proteins in the cotyledon cells of red lotus depends on both DNA ploidy and selective expression of the subunit genes of the storage proteins during the developmental process.

Key words: Cotyledon cell of the lotus, Cooled scientific-grade charge coupled device, Microfluorescent imaging system, Window analysis

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