J Integr Plant Biol. ›› 1983, Vol. 25 ›› Issue (6): -.

• Research Articles •    

Identification and Isolation of Steroidal Saponins of Dioscorea zingiberensis Wright

Tang Shi-rong, Wu Yu-fen and Pang Zi-jie   

Abstract: Two diosgenin trisaccharides (A,B) and two furostanolic tetrasacharides of diosgenin (C, D) had been isolated from Dioscorea zingiberensis wright. By means of acetylation, acid hydrolysis, enzymolysis, IR, MS, 1H-NMR and 13C-NMR, saponin A was proved to be a new compound of structure: diosgenin-3-O- [ β-D-glucopyranosyl (1 → 2) ]-O- [ α-L-rhamnopyra- nosyl (1→3)]-O-β-D-glucopyranoside was provisionally named zingiberenin A; saponin B may be suggested as the steric isomer of gracillin; saponin C was identified as 26-O-β-D- glucopyranoside of A and saponin D as 26-O-β-D-glucopyranoside of B. The last two components named proto-zingiberenin A and proto-zingiberenin B respectively.

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