J Integr Plant Biol. ›› 1983, Vol. 25 ›› Issue (6): -.

• Research Articles •    

Studies on Stigma Pellicle Glycoproteins of Raphanus sativus L.

Zhang Ying-hua, Yang Zhong-han and Cao Zong-xun (T. H. Tsao)   

Abstract: Stigma surface diffusates of Raphanus sativus were subjected to polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis. There appeared protein bands, one of which gave positive PAS reaction, indicating it was glycoprotein. SDS polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis showed that the stigma diffusates contained many protein bands. By comparing their mobilities with those of standard proteins of known molecular weights, the molecular weights of some of the major fractions were estimated to be 15000, 30000—46000 and 70000 daltons. After Schiff reagent staining two main glycoprotein fractions appeared on the SDS gel electrophoretic pattern. Their molecular weights were estimated to be lower than 15000 and higher than 100000 daltons. By using acrylamide gel isoelectric focusing method, it was found that the stigma surface diffusates contained an acidic glycoprotein with pH of about 3.7. The amino acid composition of the purified stigma glycoprotein was determined with amino acid analyzer. Glycine, glutamic acid, serine, aspartic acid were some of the predominant amino acids. The diffusates were analysed by gasliquid chromatography for sugars. Results showed that the carbohydrate fraction of the glycoprotein consisted of arabinose 17.3%; galactose 19.1%, xylose 8.1%, mannose 5.4%, glucose 23.7%, rhamnose and/or fucose 26.4%. In the stigma surface diffusates of Raphanus sativus, the content of protein was estimated to be 16% and that carbohydrate was 11%.

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