J Integr Plant Biol. ›› 1980, Vol. 22 ›› Issue (4): -.

• Research Articles •    

The Discovery of Microflora from the Maantang Formation in the North-West Sichuan Basin and Its Significance

LU Meng-ning and Wang Ruo-Shan   

Abstract: In this article a microflora discovered in the marine sediment of early Late Triassic at the North-West Sichuan Basin has been described. The samples studied were collected in 1974–1976 from Maantang Formation near Maantang Railway Station in Jiangyou Xian of Sichuan Sheng. Co existing with the microflora found abundant invertebrate fauna of Canic stage, such as Ammonites, matinc Bivalves, Foraminifera, Conodonts. This microflora is characterized by the peculiar zonate spores and numerous acritarchs, including 33 genera and 57 species, among which 4 genera and 20 species are new. The spores are characterized by the abundance of Dictyophyllidites, by the diminution of the zonate spores which are Corollisporites (gen. nov.), Bulbisporites (gen. nov.), Habrozonosporites (gen. nov.), and Compactisporites (gen. nov.), and by the presence of Marattisporites, Annulispora, Lycopodiaciditcs, Zebrasporitcs, Kraeuse- lisporites. The pollen grains are characterized by the abundance of Granosaccus, Verrusaccus Ricciisporites, Taeniaesporites, and by the presence of Ovalipollis, Luecki-sporitcs, Protohaploxypinus. The acritarchs are characterized by the abundance of Micrhystridium, by the diminution of Baltisphaeridium, Veryhachium, Lciopsopho-sphaera. Based on the assemblage feature shown in present microflora samples and associated occurrence of the marine invertebrate fauna (Protrachyceras sp., Buchites sp., Kumatrigonia sp., Halobia austriaca, H. rugosa, Aulotortus bronimanni, Trocholina acuta, Neogondolella polygnatiformis, etc.) the age of Maantang microflora may be considered as early Late Triassic.

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