J Integr Plant Biol. ›› 1980, Vol. 22 ›› Issue (4): -.

• Research Articles •    

The Relationship between the Effects of Cytokinin on the Expension and Metabolism of Excised Cucumber Cotyledons and Water Stress

Tong Zhe, Lian Han-ping, Song Yan-ru, TaG Guo-qing, Chen Hui-ying and Tsui Cheng   

Abstract: Excised cucumber (Cucumis sativus, var. Jin-ian No. 4) cotyledons were incubated with 10 ppm of BA (benzyladenine) or water for 1 h, then thouroughly rinsed with water and grown in darkness on filter paper saturated with different concentrations of mannitol solution. Up to 24 h, the fresh weight, carotenoid, RNA, DNA and lipid contents of cotyledons were determined. Although mannitol solution reduced the effectiveness of BA treatment, in the same condition of osmotic potential, the increases of fresh weight, carotenoid, RNA and DNA contents, as well as the decrease of lipid per cotyledon were always much higher in BA treated tissues. BA enhanced the rate of water uptake by the cotyledons. The fresh weight of BA and 0.2 M mannitol treated cotyledons was equal to that of water control, but the increases of carotenoid and nucleic acid contents and the decrease of lipid were much higher in tho former than the latter. 0.3 M and 0.5 M mannitol solu- tions almost interrupted the water uptake of water and BA treated cotyledons respectively. However, the increases of carotenoid and nucleic acid contents as well as decrease of lipid were still occurred in these conditions. The different osmotic potential did nearly not affect the ratio of the increases of carotenoid and nucleic acid contents between BA treatment and control. It means the effectiveness of BA was almost the same under different osmotic potential It is evident that BA stimulated simultaneously the water uptake and metabolism of the cotyledons. They are probably different processes but closely related to each other.

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