J Integr Plant Biol. ›› 1965, Vol. 13 ›› Issue (4): -.

• Research Articles •    

Investigation of Sexual Process in Interspecific Crosses Between Gossipium hirsutum and G. arboreum

S. Y. Hu and Z. C. Chu   

Abstract: The present investigation is the first of a series of cytological researches on inter-specific hybridization of cottons. The present report deals with the cytological behavior of sex and related cells revealed in crossing Gossipium hirsutum (female parent) with G. arboreum. Self-pollenated G. hirsutum served as control. The germination of pollen grains on the stigma and the growth of pollen tubes in the style and the entry of pollen tubes into the micropyles in crosses are in a fairly normal' manner when compared with controls. The percentages of pollen tubes entering ovules of the crossed and controls have no significant difference, being 48.2% in crosses and 54.7% in controls. Fertilization proceeds also normal in cross pollinated ovules. About 92.7% of pollinated ovules are found to have completed the fusion of sexual elements. It is thus: shown that the growth of foreign pollen tubes and fusion of female elements with foreign sperms are not the factors which cause failure in hybridization. The development of endosperm in crosses is abnormal. The number of free nuclei of hybrid endosperm is much smaller than that of controls; the formation of hybrid cellular endosperm is 6 or 7 days earlier than that of controls. The hybrid endosperm cells start to abort soon after their formation. About 14 days after pollination they become completely disintegrated. The hybrid embryo which thus far developed normally becomes arrested in its development and aborts also after that time. It may be concluded that the sterility of crosses between G. hirsutum and G. arboreum is primarily attributed to the abortion of hybrid endosperm. The sound development of the hybrids should be sought in the improvement nutrition of the hybrid embryo from resource other than their own endosperm.

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