J Integr Plant Biol. ›› 1998, Vol. 40 ›› Issue (2): -.

• Research Articles •    

Role of Cell Wall Calcium in Red Light- inhibited Elongation of Hypocotyls of Etiolated Phaseolus radiatus

LONG Cheng, ZHANG Zhi-Liang, SHEN Zeng-You and YAN Ji-Qiong   

Abstract: When the hypocotyl segments of Phaseolus radiatus L. were incubated in CaC12 (1 mmol/L) medium, the cell wall calcium was increased over threefold more than those incubated in a Ca2+ -free medium. However, red light inhibited elongation of the hypocotyl was 20% to 25% both in the medium with or without Ca2 + . The amount of calcium removed from the wall by ethylene glycol-bis (2-aminoethyl ether)-N, N, N', N'-tetraacetic acid (EGTA) ( 1 to 10 mmol/L) was 58.13 % to 75.33%, which offset the red light-inhibited elongation of the hypocotyl by 61.29% to 87.1%. Moreover, treatment with the channel blocker, verapamil ( 10 to 100 μ mol/L), wall calcium was the same as that of the darkness control, by which the red light-inhibited growth was also offset. La3 + ( 100 to 1 000 μmol/L) had no effect on wall calcium as compared to hypocotyl segments treated with red light alone, but eliminated the inhibitory effect of red light. Treatment with the calcium ionophore, A23187 (10 to 100 μmol/L), red light-inhibited elongation was abolished by 66.67% to 142.45% while wall calcium was reduced by 24.53% to 42.81%. In addition, calmodulin antagonist chlorpromazine (1 to 10 μmol/L) also counter acted the red light-induced elongation inhibition. These data indicated that exogenous Ca2+ was involved in the red light-inhibition effect, but that' did not mean that Ca2 + was not required. Perhaps Ca2 + in the wall itself was sufficient for red light-induced inhibition of hypocotyl elongation. The role of wall calcium might be quite complex, it not only acted as a signal of influx Ca2 + from the Ca2 + pool, but also played a regulatory role in the cell wall.

Key words: Red light, Wall calcium, Phaseolus radiatus, Hypocotyl

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