J Integr Plant Biol. ›› 1999, Vol. 41 ›› Issue (1): -.

• Research Articles •    

Establishment of a Highly Efficient Ammonia Secreting Mutant of Synechococcus sp. PCC 7942 and the Glutamine Synthetase Activity, Photosynthesis and Growth in Its Immobilized Cells

QIN Jing-Dong,SHAO Ning, SHI Ding-Ji, XU Xu-Dong, ZHANG Jin-Dong, GUO Ping-Zhong,WANG Wen-Qing and TANG Pei-Song   

Abstract: A recombinate plasmid pDC-ATGS was constructed, which contained the antisense fragment of glnA gene from Anabaena sp. PCC 7120 and transformed the unicellular cyanobactefium Synechococcus sp. PCC 7942. The foreign DNA was inserted into the site of glnA locus of the chromosome through the homologous recombination. By using neomyisin, a highly efficient ammonia secretion mutant was selected. After immobilized, the cells of the mutant within polyurethane (PU) foams, glutamine synthetase (GS) and NIt4+ secretory activity of GS, and its growth and photosynthesis were measured. It was shown that NH4+ secretion of the immobilized mutant was enhanced 156 folds which was much higher than that of free-living cells of the wild type. The activity of GS was decreased by 73.6%. Growth of the mutant was the same as that of the wild type. The activity of photosystem Ⅱ in the immobilized mutant cells increased by 44% with 77 K fluorescence spectrum measurement.

Key words: Antisense fragment of glnA, Synechococcus sp. PCC 7942, Immobilization in polyurethane, Photosyuthesis, Glutamine synthetase, Ammonia secretion

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