J Integr Plant Biol. ›› 1998, Vol. 40 ›› Issue (4): -.

• Research Articles •    

Studies on RubisCO Characteristics During Flag Leaf Aging in Hybrid Wheat and Its Parent

XIAO Kai, ZHANG Rong-Xian, ZOU Ding-Hui and QIAN Wei-Pu   

Abstract: The RuBPcase content and activity, and the RuBPoase activity of the flag leaf of wheat (Triticum aestivum L.) reached the highest values at leaf full expansion or at the 10th day after leaf full expansion, then gradually reduced. There was evident of heterosis on the above mentioned parameters during life span of the flag leaf especially the late phase of leaf aging in the tested hybrid wheat as compared with those in its parents. The RuBPcase specific activity of the flag leaf changed slightly during the relatively steady phase of the chlorophyll content, then gradually decreased during the sharp fall phase of the chlorophyll content. Both RuBPcase and RuBPoase activity in the tested hybrid wheat were higher than in its parents, showing that hybrid wheat had higher photosynthetic carboxylation function, accompanied with photorespiration. All these results were in accordance with the measurements of kinetic constants Km (CO2) and Km (O2) of the RubisCO of flag leaf.

Key words: Hybrid wheat, Flag leaf, RubisCO characteristics

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