J Integr Plant Biol. ›› 1997, Vol. 39 ›› Issue (10): -.

• Research Articles •    

Fossil Woods from Late Cretaceous of Heilongjiang Province, Northeast China, and Their Palaeoenviromental Implications

Wang Ru-feng, Wang Yu-fei and Chen Yong-zhe   

Abstract: Three species of fossil coniferous woods, Cupressinoxylon jiayinense Wang R. F., Wang Y. F. et Chen Y. Z., Taxodioxylon cryptomeria Schonfeld and Protopiceoxylon amurense Du N. Z. from late Cretaceous of Heilongjiang Province,Northeast China, were described. Their wood structural characters showed their affinities to the extant Cupressus, Cryptomeria and Keteleeria respectively. The data from fossil woods, fossil foliage and pollen assemblage of late Cretaceous in the same region showed that the flora consists of conifers and broad-leaved trees and most elements were subtropic or warm-temperate, only a few of them were temperate vegetation. At the same time, the occurrence of fungi filaments in the wood of Cupressinoxylon fiayinense might suggest a type of humid and warm environment. All of these evidences indicated that a humid warm temperate or subtropic paleoclimate had existed in Heilongjiang Province during Late Cretaceous.

Key words: Late Cretaceous, Paleoenvironment, Cupressinoxylon, Taxodioxylon, Protopiceoxylon

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