J Integr Plant Biol. ›› 1990, Vol. 32 ›› Issue (9): -.

• Research Articles •    

Feeding Position of Laccifer lucca on Dalbergia balansae and the Influence of Parasitism on Bark Structure

Zhang Zhen-jue, Chen Zhong-ren, Lin Jin-yi, Zhang Yong-tian and Gao Xin-zeng   

Abstract: When Laccifer lacca fed in the bark of Dalbergia balansae, the penetration in the bark by a stylet was mainly intracellular, seldom intercellular. Finally, the stylet arrived at the funtional sieve element, and fed in it. The tip of tt,e stylet was at a distance of 0.48–0.78 mm from the surface of periderm. 70.3% of the stylets fed in the zone of newly-differentiated sieve elements. The fed sieve element had P-protein and callose, and exhibited no serious reaction of injury. The parenchyma cells that were pierced through by the stylet and the neighbouring cells Lad obvious reaction of injury, such as: thickened cytoplasm and plasmolysed; dark stained nuclei; smaller starch grains and intracellular deposition of concentrated golden material. The stylet that pierced through the bark was encircled by a stylet sheath consisted of proteins. The stylet sheath looked like a string of beads as a whole. Branching stylet sheath was observed. Some branches even reached far into the xylem, but the stylet finally reached the sieve element. At the same time, the stylet might penetrate through many sieve elements, finally reach newly-differentiated sieve elements. These results suggest that feeding of Laccifer lacca was a process of initiative choice. Two years after collecting shellac by means of skinning instead of cutting the branch, tb.e stylets and styler sheaths still remained in the bark. Several layers of ceils around them were dead and fully imbued with yellow-brown material. Stylers and styler sheaths in the outer cortex were surrounded by bending phellogen and separated from the living cells, forming many cyst-like structures in the periderm. Such bark should not be further used for feeding.

Key words: Laccifer lucca, Dalbergia balancae, Feeding position, Influence on structure

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