J Integr Plant Biol. ›› 1990, Vol. 32 ›› Issue (7): -.

• Research Articles •    

黄进华 Electron Microscopic Observation of Symbiotic Relationship Between Azolla and Anabaena During the Megaspore Germination and the Sporeling Development of Azolla

Zheng Wei-wen, Lin Yong-hui, Lin Yi-han, Lu Pei-ji, Liu Zhong-zhu and Huang Jin-hua   

Abstract: The process of establishing symbiotic relationship of Anabaena azollae with its host during the megaspore germination and sporeling development was examined using electron microscope. The observations revealed that most of the Anabaena spores were primarily adhered to the hair cells arisen from the sporeling subsequently introduced into the cavity of the 1st true leaf by the hair ceils. Following the sporeling development, the Anabaena spores were migrated to the newly developing cavities and the branch apex in the same way. The pattern of germination of the Anabaena spore is similar to that of free-living cyanobacteria. Germinating Anabaena spores were only found at shoot apex region and the cavities of the sporeling, 92% of them being onto or near the hair cells which exhibit the ultrastructural characteristics of the transfer cell. The results suggested that Anabaena spore might get the chemical signal stimulating germination or the substance supporting cell multiplication from the host. Some of vegetative cells derived from the Anabaena spore were differentiated in to nitrogen-fixing heterocysts within the cavity. This means that the new generation of the symbiosis between Anabaena and Azolla has begun.

Key words: Azolla, Megasporecarp germination, Anabaena azollae, symbiosis

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