J Integr Plant Biol. ›› 1987, Vol. 29 ›› Issue (5): -.

• Research Articles •    

Cytologic Observations on the Double Fertilization in Maize

Shen Jia-keng, Li Hui-rong, Li Yu-fen, Yin Hua and Lian Yong-quan   

Abstract: 1.The double fertilization is the type of the premitotic syngamy. 2. In 21 to 24 hours after pollination, most of the female nuclei fuse with the male nuclei. When the female nucleus fuses with the male nucleus, there are two situations in the appearance of the male nucleolus: one is that while the chromatin of the sperm nucleus relaxes gradually, a male nucleolus appears; the other is that after the chromatin of the sperm nucleus relaxes gradually, the male nucleus just appears in about 2 to 4 hours. 3. Generally, the fusion of the female nucleolus with the male nucleolus takes place before the division of the nygote. The nygote enters the stage of division when it has a jarge nucieojus; the zygote, in which the female nucleoius does not fuse with the male nucleolus, also can enter the stage of division. In 30 to 33 hours after pollination, the first division of the zygote occurs. The resting period of the zygote is about 9 hours 4. In the primary endosperm nucleus, the female nucleolus does not fuse with the male nucleolus. 24 to 26 hours after pollination, the primary endosperm nucleus begins the first division. The resting period of the primary endosperm nucleus is 2 to 4 hours. 5. Under the condition of artificial pollination, the fertilization of the fruit ears of maize proceeds sequencely, i.e. from the upper of the fruit ears to the lower the fertilization is fulfilled gradually.

Key words: Maize, Double fertilization

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