J Integr Plant Biol. ›› 1987, Vol. 29 ›› Issue (1): -.

• Research Articles •    

Studies on the Residual Respiration not Inhibited by KCN Plus Hydroxamic Acid in Tobacco Callus Cultures

Liang Hou-guo, Liu Liang-huan, Yang Cheng-de and Li Chang-jiang   

Abstract: A residual respiration not inhibited by KCN plus hydroxamic acid had been observed in many plant organs and tissues. The relative O2 uptake of it was 20–30% of total respiration in tobacco callus cultures. However, there is no report concerning the nature of the residual respiration and its localization in cell. The object of this study is to elucidate the characteris- tics of this residual respiration and its localization in cell. The experimental results are as follows: 1. The additions of glycolate and glyoxylate cause a marked rise in residual respiration not inhibited by KCN (or NaN3) plus m-CLAM. 2. The O2 uptake induced by glycolate and the residual respiration is inhibited by the addition of α-hydroxy ethanesulfonate. 3. The mitochondrial respiration is completely inhibited by KCN plus m-CLAM, but no effect by adding of glycolate. 4. Oxidation reactions of glycolate and glyoxylate in supernatant are observed after mitochondria are removed. Based on the above results, it is suggested that the residual respiration not inhibited by KCN plus m-CLAM in tobacco callus cultures is primarily catalyzed by glycolic acid oxidase localized within microbodies.

Key words: Tobacco callus, Residual respiration, Glycolic acid oxidase

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