J Integr Plant Biol. ›› 1986, Vol. 28 ›› Issue (3): -.

• Research Articles •    

Characteristics of Phytogeochemistry in Copper Mine Area of Hongtou Shan, Liaoning Province

Kong Ling-shao, Wang Mei-lin, Hu Yi-hui, Miao You-gui and Kong Fan-zhi   

Abstract: The contents of copper, zinc, lead nickel and cadmium for 322 samples of 44 species growing on copper mine area of Hongtou Shoo were determined. The results showed that the average contents of zinc, nickel, lead, cadmium in dry matter are 51.313 ppm, 1.536 ppm, 0.361 ppm and 0.058 ppm respectively. The variable range of zinc and cad- mium contents is larger, difference between minimum and maximum value is about 30–40 times. Zinc, lead and nickel contents in leaves of xylophyta in dry matter are mostly higher than in branches, but cadmium content of branches in dry matter is higher than leaves. The contents of lead and zinc in plants of minerelization areas are higher than that in non-minerelization areas. The results of correlative analysis showed that the linear regression between the metal contents in plants and soils are significant, for example, Lespedeza bicolor Thalictrum thumbergii, Arundinella hirta et al. It is important in phytogeochemical methods of prospecting for mineral. However, the correlative coefficients between the elements contents in leaves and branches of Quercus liaotungensis and in soils are not obvious. The correlative coefficient of nickel in plants and zinc, lead, cadmium and organic matter contents in soils are mostly negative value, without significant correlation. The results of the principal component analysis showed that the correlation of cadmium and zinc is significant among five elements in the plants. The contributive rate of first principal component is 33.94%, the positive target of the main target constitute is cadmium and zinc.

Key words: Copper ore, Phytogeochemistry, Element content, Correlation analysis

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