J Integr Plant Biol. ›› 2005, Vol. 47 ›› Issue (4): -.DOI: 10.1111/j.1744-7909.2005.00081.x

• Research Articles •    

Volatile Organic Compounds and Their Roles in Bacteriostasis in Five Conifer Species

Yan GAO, You-Ju JIN, Hai-Dong LI,Hua-Jun CHEN   

Abstract: In order to make clear the functions of plant volatile organic compounds (VOCs) on bacteriostasis and air decontamination, we analyzed the composition and content of VOCs in Pinus tabulaeformis Carr., P. bungeana Zucc., Sabina chinensis Antoine, Picea koraiensis Nakai, and Cedrus deodara G. Don under near-natural conditions using the thermal-desorption cold trap gas chromatography/mass spectrometer technique. The effects of the VOCs on airborne microorganisms were investigated using the method of natural sedimentation. Results showed that the major VOCs were as follows: limonene, b-pinene, a-pinene, and a-caryophyllene in Pinus tabulaeformis and P. bungeana; limonene, borneol acetate, b-pinene, myrcene, and tricylene in S. chinensis; limonene, a-pinene, myrcene, camphene, and b-pinene in Picea koraiensis; and limonene, 2, (10)-pinene, a-pinene, and myrcene in C. deodara. These VOCs and the corresponding foliar extracts inhibited the growth of bacteria and stimulated the growth of fungi. Experimental data using monomers of the VOCs demonstrated that limonene, b-pinene, and three aldehydes could significantly inhibit bacterial growth, suggesting an inhibitory effect of VOCs on the growth of airborne microorganisms in the five conifer species. The bacteriostasis and air-decontaminating effects of plant VOCs are further discussed in terms of their chemical composition.

Key words: bacteriostasis, coniferophyte, microorganism, synergistic effect, volatile organic compounds.

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