J Integr Plant Biol. ›› 2006, Vol. 48 ›› Issue (7): -.DOI: 10.1111/j.1744-7909.2006.00297.x

• Research Articles •    

Pollen Morphology of Tundra Shrubs and Submarginal Plants from Barrow, Alaska

Ling-Yu Tang, Xiao-Ping Zhang, Jian-Wen Shao, Zhong-Ze Zhou and Qing-Song Zhang   

Abstract: Investigation of plant morphological features, pollen, and habitat have been made for two shrub species from Barrow, Alaska, namely Dryas integrifolia M. Vahl and Salix rotundifolia Trautv., both of which are endemic to the Arctic floristic area. The former species has small lanceolate or plate leaves, whereas the latter has rounded leaves with distinct veins, rich in vitamin C. Both have dwarf and sprawling habits. Pollen studies showed that the pollen grains of the two species are spheroidal to sub-spheroidal or prolate. The type of aperture was tricolporate; pollen size 26.3–31.3 µm; ornamentation finely reticulate under a light microscope (LM) and striate-reticulate under a scanning electron microscope (SEM) for D. integrafolia and finely reticulate under the LM and SEM for S. rotundifolia. Comparisons were made between the pollen from the same species from Arctic collections with those from China and Japan. Investigation of pollen morphology of tundra plants can provide significant data for comparative studies of fossil pollen and for the reconstruction of paleovegetation and paleoclimate in the Barrow area.(Author for correspondence.Tel: 025-83282174; Fax: 025-83357026; E-mail: lytang@nigpas.ac.cn)

Key words: Barrow, Alaska, Dryas integrifolia, pollen morphology, Salix rotundifolia.

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