J Integr Plant Biol. ›› 2009, Vol. 51 ›› Issue (1): 67-74.DOI: 10.1111/j.1744-7909.2008.00772.x

• Plant-environmental Interactions • Previous Articles     Next Articles

Response of Chinese Wampee Axes and Maize Embryos to Dehydration at Different Rates

Hui Huang, Song-Quan Song and Xian-Jin Wu   

  • Received:2007-10-11 Accepted:2008-06-10 Published:2009-01-01

Abstract: Survival of wampee (Clausena lansium Skeels) axes and maize (Zea mays L.) embryos decreased with rapid and slow dehydration. Damage of wampee axes by rapid dehydration was much less than by slow dehydration, and that was contrary to maize embryos. The malondialdehyde contents of wampee axes and maize embryos rapidly increased with dehydration, those of wampee axes were lower during rapid dehydration than during slow dehydration, and those of maize embryos were higher during rapid dehydration than during slow dehydration. Activities of superoxide dismutase (SOD), ascorbate peroxidase (APX) and catalase (CAT) of wampee axes markedly increased during the early phase of dehydration, and then rapidly decreased, and those of rapidly dehydrated axes were higher than those of slow dehydrated axes when they were dehydrated to low water contents. Activities of SOD and APX of maize embryos notable decreased with dehydration. There were higher SOD activities and lower APX activities of slowly dehydrated maize embryos compared with rapidly dehydrated maize embryos. CAT activities of maize embryos markedly increased during the early phase of dehydration, and then decreased, and those of slowly dehydrated embryos were higher than those of rapidly dehydrated embryos during the late phase of dehydration.

Key words: Clausena lansium axis, desiccation-sensitivity, desiccation-tolerance, malondialdehyde, orthodox seed, reactive oxygen species scavenging enzyme, recalcitrant seed Zea mays embryo.

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