J Integr Plant Biol. ›› 2010, Vol. 52 ›› Issue (6): 568-577.DOI: 10.1111/j.1744-7909.2010.00957.x
Plant Signal Transduction
• Plant-environmental Interactions •
Hua-Sen Wang1,2, Chao Yu1,2, Xian-Feng Tang1, Li-Yan Wang1, Xun-Chun Dong1 and Qing-Wei Meng1*
An endoplasmic reticulum-localized tomato ω-3 fatty acid desaturase gene (LeFAD3) was isolated. The antisense tomato plants were obtained under the control of the cauliflower mosaic virus 35S promoter (35S-CaMV). Northern blot analysis confirmed that the expression of LeFAD3 was inhibited in the tomato genome. Levels of 18:3 decreased and correspondingly levels of 18:2 increased in total lipids of leaves and roots. After heat stress, the fresh weight of the aerial parts of antisense transgenic plants was higher than that of the wild type (WT) plants. The membrane system ultrastructure of chloroplasts in leaf cells and all of the subcellular organelles in the root tips of transgenic plants remained more intact than those of WT. Relative electric conductivity increased less in transgenic plants than in WT. Under heat stress, the maximal photochemical efficiency of photosystem II (Fv/Fm) and the O2 evolution rate decreased more in WT than in transgenic plants. These results suggested that the depletion of LeFAD3 increased the saturation of fatty acids and alleviated high temperature stress.
Wang HS, Yu C, Tang XF, Wang LY, Dong XC, Meng QW (2010) Antisense-mediated depletion of tomato endoplasmic reticulum omega-3 fatty acid desaturase enhances thermal tolerance. J. Integr. Plant Biol. 52(6), 568–577.
Hua-Sen Wang, Chao Yu, Xian-Feng Tang, Li-Yan Wang, Xun-Chun Dong, and Qing-Wei Meng. Antisense-mediated Depletion of Tomato Endoplasmic Reticulum Omega-3 Fatty Acid Desaturase Enhances Thermal Tolerance[J]. J Integr Plant Biol., 2010, 52(6): 568-577.
Add to citation manager EndNote|Ris|BibTeX