J Integr Plant Biol. ›› 2010, Vol. 52 ›› Issue (8): 704-711.DOI: 10.1111/j.1744-7909.2010.00974.x

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Structural and Mechanistic Aspects of Mn-oxo and Co-based Compounds in Water Oxidation Catalysis and Potential Applications in Solar Fuel Production

Harvey J.M. Hou*   

  1. Department of Chemistry and Biochemistry, University of Massachusetts Dartmouth, 285 Old Westport Road, North Dartmouth, Massachusetts 02747, USA
  • Received:2010-04-30 Accepted:2010-06-09 Published:2010-06-16
  • About author:*Corresponding author Tel.: +1 508 999 8234; Fax. +1 508 999 9167; E-mail: hhou@umassd.edu


To address the issues of energy crisis and global warming, novel renewable carbon-free or carbon-neutral energy sources must be identified and developed. A deeper understanding of photosynthesis is the key to provide a solid foundation to facilitate this transformation. To mimic the water oxidation of photosystem II oxygen evolving complex, Mn-oxo complexes and Co-phosphate catalytic material were discovered in solar energy storage. Building on these discoveries, recent advances in solar energy conversion showed a compelling working principle by combing the active Mn-oxo and Co-based catalysts in water splitting with semiconductor hetero-nanostructures for effective solar energy harnessing. In this review the appealing systems including Mn-oxo tetramer/Nafion, Mn-oxo dimer/TiO2, Mn-oxo oligomer/WO3, Co-Pi/Fe2O3, and Co-Pi/ZnO are summarized and discussed. These accomplishments offer a promising framework and have a profound impact in the field of solar fuel production.

Hou HJM (2010) Structural and mechanistic aspects of Mn-oxo and Co-based compounds in water oxidation catalysis and potential applications in solar fuel production. J. Integr. Plant Biol. 52(8), 704–711.

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