J Integr Plant Biol. ›› 2010, Vol. 52 ›› Issue (12): 1059-1074.DOI: 10.1111/j.1744-7909.2010.01000.x

Special Issue: Abiotic Stresses

• Plant-environmental Interactions • Previous Articles     Next Articles

Monitoring the Expression of Maize Genes in Developing Kernels under Drought Stress using Oligo-microarray

Meng Luo1, Jia Liu2, R. Dewey Lee1, Brian T. Scully3 and Baozhu Guo3*   

  1. 1The University of Georgia, Department of Crop and Soil Sciences, Tifton, GA 31793, USA
    2J. Craig Venter Institute, Rockville, MD 20850, USA
    3US Department of Agriculture, Agricultural Research Service, Crop Protection and Management Research Unit, Tifton, GA 31793, USA
  • Received:2010-08-02 Accepted:2010-09-15 Published:2010-10-05
  • About author:*Corresponding author Tel.: +1 229 387 2334; Fax: +1 229 387 2331; E-mail: Baozhu.Guo@ars.usda.gov

Abstract:

Preharvest aflatoxin contamination of grain grown on the US southeastern Coast Plain is provoked and aggravated by abiotic stress. The primary abiotic stress is drought along with high temperatures. The objectives of the present study were to monitor gene expression in developing kernels in response to drought stress and to identify drought-responsive genes for possible use in germplasm assessment. The maize breeding line Tex6 was used, and gene expression profiles were analyzed in developing kernels under drought stress verses well-watered conditions at the stages of 25, 30, 35, 40, 45 d after pollination (DAP) using the 70 mer maize oligo-arrays. A total of 9 573 positive array spots were detected with unique gene IDs, and 7 988 were common in both stressed and well-watered samples. Expression patterns of some genes in several stress response-associated pathways, including abscisic acid, jasmonic acid and phenylalanine ammonia-lyase, were examined, and these specific genes were responsive to drought stress positively. Real-time quantitative polymerase chain reaction validated microarray expression data. The comparison between Tex6 and B73 revealed that there were significant differences in specific gene expression, patterns and levels. Several defense-related genes had been downregulated, even though some defense-related or drought responsive genes were upregulated at the later stages.

Luo M, Liu J, Lee RD, Scully BT, Guo BZ (2010) Monitoring the expression of maize genes in developing kernels under drought stress using oligo-microarray. J. Integr. Plant Biol. 52(12), 1059–1074

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