J Integr Plant Biol. ›› 2007, Vol. 49 ›› Issue (11): 1634-1639.DOI: 10.1111/j.1774-7909.2007.00550.x

Special Issue: Cell Biology and Functions

• Development & Photosynthesis • Previous Articles     Next Articles

Visualization and Characterization of High-Order Chromatin Fibers under Light Microscope during Interphase and Mitotic Stages in Plants

Jing-Yu Liu, Chao-Wen She, Zhong-Li Hu, Fen Li, Ying Diao, Li-Hua Liu and Yun-Chun Song   

Abstract: Using genomic in situ hybridization with genomic DNA, high-order chromatin fibers were successfully exhibited under a light microscope through the cell cycle in barley, rice, maize and field bean. From the interphase to prophase and metaphase of mitosis, the fibers were basically similar. Each was estimated to be around 200 nm in diameter, but the strength of signals was not the same along the fiber length. Through the cell cycle a series of dynamic distribution changes occurred in the fibers. In the interphase, they were unraveled. At the early prophase they were arranged with parallel and mirror symmetry. During late-prophase and metaphase, the fibers were bundled and became different visible chromosomes. The parallel coiling and mirror symmetry structures were visible clearly until the metaphase. In anaphase they disappeared. During telophase, in peripheral regions of congregated chromosome group, borderlines of the chromosomes disappeared and the fibers were unraveled. This demonstrated that mitotic chromosomes are assembled and organized by parallel and adjacent coiling of the fibers and the fibers should be the highest order structure for DNA coiling.

Key words: high-order chromatin fibers, interphase, mitosis.

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