J Integr Plant Biol. ›› 2014, Vol. 56 ›› Issue (2): 122-132.DOI: 10.1111/jipb.12133

• Functional Omics and Systems Biology • Previous Articles     Next Articles

Why mosaic? Gene expression profiling of African cassava mosaic virus-infected cassava reveals the effect of chlorophyll degradation on symptom development

Jiao Liu1,2, Jun Yang1, Huiping Bi3 and Peng Zhang1,2*   

  1. 1Shanghai Chenshan Plant Science Research Center, the Chinese Academy of Sciences, Shanghai, China
    2National Key Laboratory of Plant Molecular Genetics and National Center for Plant Gene Research (Shanghai), Institute of Plant Physiology and Ecology, Shanghai Institutes for Biological Sciences, the Chinese Academy of Science, Shanghai, China
    3Key Laboratory of Systems Microbial Biotechnology, Tianjin Institute of Industrial Biotechnology, the Chinese Academy of Sciences, Tianjin, China
  • Received:2013-06-26 Accepted:2013-11-11 Published:2014-01-29
  • About author:*Correspondence: E-mail: zhangpeng@sibs.ac.cn

Abstract:

Cassava mosaic disease, caused by cassava begomoviruses, is the most serious disease for cassava in Africa. However, the pathogenesis of this disease is poorly understood. We employed high throughput digital gene expression profiling based on the Illumina Solexa sequencing technology to investigate the global transcriptional response of cassava to African cassava mosaic virus infection. We found that 3,210 genes were differentially expressed in virus-infected cassava leaves. Gene ontology term and Kyoto Encyclopedia of Genes and Genomes pathway analysis indicated that genes implicated in photosynthesis were most affected, consistent with the chlorotic symptoms observed in infected leaves. The upregulation of chlorophyll degradation genes, including the genes encoding chlorophyllase, pheophytinase, and pheophorbide a oxygenase, and downregulation of genes encoding the major apoproteins in light-harvesting complex II were confirmed by qRT-PCR. These findings, together with the reduction of chlorophyll b content and fewer grana stacks in the infected leaf cells, reveal that the degradation of chlorophyll plays an important role in African cassava mosaic virus symptom development. This study will provide a road map for future investigations into viral pathogenesis.

Liu J, Yang J, Bi H, Zhang P (2014) Why mosaic? Gene expression profiling of African cassava mosaic virus‐infected cassava reveals the effect of chlorophyll degradation on symptom development. J Integr Plant Biol 56: 122–132. doi: 10.1111/jipb.12133

Key words: African cassava mosaic virus, cassava, chlorophyll degradation, digital gene expression, mosaic symptom

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