J Integr Plant Biol. ›› 2021, Vol. 63 ›› Issue (7): 1367-1381.DOI: 10.1111/jipb.13095

Special Issue: Photosynthesis

• Photosynthesis and Crop Physiology • Previous Articles     Next Articles

Structure of plant photosystem I−light harvesting complex I supercomplex at 2.4 Å resolution

Jie Wang1,2†, Long‐Jiang Yu1†, Wenda Wang1†, Qiujing Yan1,2, Tingyun Kuang1, Xiaochun Qin3* and Jian‐Ren Shen1,4*   

  1. 1 Photosynthesis Research Center, Key Laboratory of Photobiology, Institute of Botany, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100093, China
    2 University of Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100049, China
    3 School of Biological Science and Technology, University of Jinan, Jinan 250022, China
    4 Research Institute for Interdisciplinary Science, and Graduate School of Natural Science and Technology, Okayama University, Okayama 700‐8530, Japan

    These authors contributed equally to this work.
    *Correspondences: Xiaochun Qin (bio_qinxc@ujn.edu.cn); Jian‐Ren Shen (shen@cc.okayama-u.ac.jp, Dr. Shen is fully responsible for the distribution of the materials associated with this article)
  • Received:2020-12-10 Accepted:2021-03-14 Online:2021-03-31 Published:2021-07-01

Abstract: Photosystem I (PSI) is one of the two photosystems in photosynthesis, and performs a series of electron transfer reactions leading to the reduction of ferredoxin. In higher plants, PSI is surrounded by four light-harvesting complex I (LHCI) subunits, which harvest and transfer energy efficiently to the PSI core. The crystal structure of PSI-LHCI supercomplex has been analyzed up to 2.6 Å resolution, providing much information on the arrangement of proteins and cofactors in this complicated supercomplex. Here we have optimized crystallization conditions, and analyzed the crystal structure of PSI-LHCI at 2.4 Å resolution. Our structure showed some shift of the LHCI, especially the Lhca4 subunit, away from the PSI core, suggesting the indirect connection and inefficiency of energy transfer from this Lhca subunit to the PSI core. We identified five new lipids in the structure, most of them are located in the gap region between the Lhca subunits and the PSI core. These lipid molecules may play important roles in binding of the Lhca subunits to the core, as well as in the assembly of the supercomplex. The present results thus provide novel information for the elucidation of the mechanisms for the light-energy harvesting, transfer and assembly of this supercomplex.

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