J Integr Plant Biol. ›› 2000, Vol. 42 ›› Issue (7): 668-672.

• Research Articles • Previous Articles     Next Articles

Intergeneric Somatic Hybrid Plants Between Citrus and Poncirus trifoliata and Evaluation of Their Root Rot Resistance

GUO Wen-Wu, ZHOU Chang-He, YI Hua-Lin, DENG Xiu-Xin   

Abstract:

Protoplasts of Page tangelo (Citrus reticulata Blanco×C. paradisi Macf.) cell suspension culture were electrically fused with mesophyll protoplasts isolated from trifoliate orange (Poncirus trifoliata (L.) Raf.). More than 150 plantlets regenerated after 4-5 months of culture. The regenerated plants were trifoliate with well developed root systems. Root-tip chromosome counting of more than 20 randomly selected plants revealed that they were all tetraploids (2n=4x=36). RAPD analysis of 7 randomly selected plants verified their hybridity. Inoculation of citrus Phytophthora parasitica Dastar toxin on leaves of somatic hybrids and both parental genotypes showed that Page tangelo was moderately susceptible, and trifoliate orange was highly resistant while the somatic hybrids were resistant. The potential of this somatic hybrid as rootstock is also discussed.

柑橘与枳属间体细胞杂种再生及其对脚腐病抗性的评价
郭文武 周长河 伊华林 邓秀新*

(华中农业大学作物遗传改良国家重点实验室,武汉430070)

摘要:Page橘柚 (Citrusreticulata Blanco×C .paradisi Macf.)胚性细胞悬浮系原生质体与枳 (Poncirustrifoliata (L .)Raf.)叶肉原生质体经电场诱导融合 ,4~ 5个月再生 15 0余棵小植株。再生植株根系发达 ,叶片具三叶特征。随机检查 2 0余株再生苗根尖染色体数目 ,表明都为四倍体 (2n =4x =36 )。随机取 7株进行RAPD分析 ,表明被检测植株都为杂种。用引起脚腐病的寄生疫霉菌 (PhytophthoraparasiticaDastar)毒素接种体细胞杂种及双亲叶片 ,结果表明 ,Page橘柚中度感病 ,枳高抗 ,体细胞杂种为抗病类型。

Key words: electrofusion, somatic hybrid, randomly amplified polymorphic DNA, root rot resistance, Citrus

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