J Integr Plant Biol. ›› 2002, Vol. 44 ›› Issue (11): 1357-1364.

• Research Articles • Previous Articles     Next Articles

A Simulative Study on Effects of Climate Warming on Nutrient Contents and In Vitro Digestibility of Herbage Grown in Qinghai-Xizang Plateau

XU Shi Xiao, ZHAO Xin Quan, SUN Ping, ZHAO Tong Biao, ZHAO Wei, XUE Bai   

Abstract:

The increasing trend of air temperature along with the climate warming has been accepted gradually by scientists and by the general public. Qinghai-Xizang Plateau, a unique geographic unit due to high altitude climate, is one of the most susceptible regions to climate warming. Its ecosystem is very fragile and sensitive to climate change. In order to get a better understanding of the impacts of climate warming on the nutrient contents of herbage grown in Qinghai-Xizang Plateau, a simulative study was implemented at Daban Moutain by using temperature differences resulted from sites selected at different altitudes and nutrient contents and in vitro digestibility were determined for assessing the quality of the grown herbage. There were significant downtrends in crude protein (CP), ether extract (EE) and nitrogen free extract (NFE) contents of herbage along with the increase of temperature. It had a positive correlation between temperature and content of acid detergent fibre (ADF), acid detergent lignin (ADL) in herbage.In vitro digestibility of herbage decreased along with the increase of temperature. The results of this study indicated that climate warming significantly influence nutrient contents and in vitro digestibility of herbage grown in Qinghai-Xizang Plateau. It is suggested that the future climate warming especially the gradual rise of the night temperature could cause negative effect on herbage quality grown in Qinghai-Xizang Plateau by decreasing CP, EE, and NFE contents and increasing some indigestible ingredients such as crude fibre (CF), neutral detergent fibre (NDF), ADF, and ADL. This, consequently, decreases the ruminant assimilation ability.

气候变暖对青藏高原牧草营养含量及其体外消化率影响模拟研究
徐世晓 赵新全* 孙 平 赵同标 赵 伟 薛 白
(中国科学院西北高原生物研究所,西宁810001)

摘要: 全球气候变暖,气温上升的趋势逐步被众人接受,而青藏高原这一独特地理单元的生态系统对气候变暖十分敏感.为更好地了解气候变暖对青藏高原牧草品质的影响,利用大板山北坡3 200~3 800 m的海拔梯度,以温度为主要影响因子,用海拔高度不同造成的温差模拟全球变暖带来的升温效应,研究气候变暖对青藏高原牧草营养含量及其体外消化率的影响.针对羊茅(Festuca ovina)、早熟禾(Poa annua)、草(Koeleria cristata)、矮嵩草(Kobresia humilis)和黑褐苔草 (Carex alrofusca) 5种生长在不同海拔梯度的高原牧草中酸性洗涤纤维(ADF)、木质素(ADL)、粗蛋白(CP)、粗脂肪(EE)、无氮浸出物(NFE)、灰分等营养含量及其经绵羊瘤胃液培养后的体外消化率差异,经过1999和2000年两年的测定分析,结果表明:随着温度升高,牧草CP、EE和NFE的百分含量都呈现降低的趋势;牧草ADF和ADL百分含量与温度存在正相关关系,随着温度升高牧草ADF、ADL百分含量都呈增加的趋势;牧草体外消化率与牧草生长的环境温度存在负相关关联,随着温度升高牧草体外消化率呈降低趋势.模拟研究表明,就温度这一重要环境因素而言,未来气候变暖尤其是夜间温度的升高引起青藏高原牧草营养品质的变化,牧草CP、EE、NFE含量的降低,中性洗涤纤维(NDF)、ADL含量的增加,牧草消化率降低,从而不利于反刍动物对牧草的消化利用.

关键词: 气候变暖;大板山;温度;牧草;营养物质;体外消化率

 

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