J Integr Plant Biol. ›› 2003, Vol. 45 ›› Issue (1): 53-63.

• Research Articles • Previous Articles     Next Articles

Morphological Changes in Nucellar Cells Undergoing Programmed Cell Death (PCD) During Pollen Chamber Formation in Ginkgo biloba

LI Da-Hui,YANG Xiong,CUI Ke-Ming,LI Zheng-Li (LEE Cheng-Lee)   


Programmed cell death (PCD) of the nucellar cells at the micropylar end is involved in pollen chamber morphogenesis in Ginkgo biloba L. A development_course observation of the morphological changes in the nucellar cells undergoing PCD to form pollen chamber was performed. During the PCD, the nucellar cells degraded their cellular components through an orderly progression. Through the vacuolation, the cytosol was engulfed by the enlarging vacuole, leaving out various organelles, which remained morphologically integrated. As the vacuolation continued, the vacuole collapsed with the breakage of the tonoplast and the cytosol disappeared completely. Organelles were subsequently destroyed. Ultimately, nucellar cells digested away all of their cytoplasm, leaving with cell walls. They became collapsed as the nucellus developed. Intracellular membranes were strikingly changed, playing a role in leading to cell death. Some of these noticeable changes were the appearance of multivesicular body, multicycle_like membranes, membrane_bounded bodies containing some organelles, tonoplast rupture and numerous vesicles. The dehiscence of the apical epidermis, resulting in the opening, appeared to have followed two different pathways with one involving a specific epidermal cell autolysis and the other by detachment from middle lamella of two neighboring epidermal cells without cell autolysis. The specific epidermal cells had been dead prior to the dehiscence of the apical epidermis, which marked the sites of the dehiscence followed. In view of the changes in the cellular morphology, a process of nucellar cell PCD in the course of the pollen chamber formation was demonstrated.

李大辉 杨雄 崔克明  李正理

摘要: 银杏(Ginkgo biloba L.)贮粉室的发生涉及位于珠孔端的珠心细胞的程序性死亡(PCD)。本研究观察了贮粉室发生过程中发生PCD的珠心细胞的形态学变化。这些珠心细胞在PCD过程中形态变化显著,细胞组分有序地降解,液泡在此起关键作用。在液泡化过程中,细胞质基质和一些细胞器被液泡所吞噬,此时的细胞器结构完整。当液泡膜破裂、细胞质基质消失之后,细胞器才逐步解体。最终,这些珠心细胞仅具有残留的细胞壁。随着胚珠的生长,细胞壁也被破坏。在整个PCD过程中,内膜系统发生明显改变:细胞质膜出泡,产生多泡体;形成多环膜结构;出现由膜包围的小体,其中含有细胞质基质和一些细胞器;液泡膜破裂;细胞器解体;细胞中出现大量的小膜泡。珠孔端的珠心表皮开裂形成贮粉室的开口有两种方式:一种为专一细胞的自溶,而另一种是在两个邻接细胞的中胶层处分离,没有发生细胞的自溶破裂。贮粉室开口位置的特定表皮细胞在开裂发生前就死亡,从而提前标示出表皮开裂的发生位置。这些细胞形态的变化反映出银杏珠心细胞的死亡是受发育调控的J?Q 过程。
关键词: 银杏;珠心细胞;贮粉室;细胞程序性死亡


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