J Integr Plant Biol. ›› 2003, Vol. 45 ›› Issue (3): 269-275.
• Research Articles •
PIAO Shi-Long, FANG Jing-Yun and CHEN An-Ping
Study on seasonal responses of terrestrial net primary production (NPP) to climate changes is to help understand feedback between climate systems and terrestrial ecosystems and mechanisms of increased NPP in the northern middle and high latitudes. In this study, time series dataset of normalized difference vegetation index (NDVI) and corresponding ground-based information on vegetation,climate, soil, and solar radiation, together with an ecological process model, were used to explore the seasonal trends of terrestrial NPP and their geographical differences in China from 1982 to 1999. As the results, seasonal total NPP in China showed a significant increase for all four seasons (spring,summer, autumn and winter) during the past 18 years. The spring NPP indicated the largest increase rate, while the summer NPP was with the largest increase in magnitude. The response of NPP to climate changes varied with different vegetation types. The increased NPP was primarily led by an advanced growing season for broadleaf evergreen forest, needle-leaf evergreen forest, and needle-leaf deciduous forest, whilst that was mainly due to enhanced vegetation activity (amplitude of growth cycle) during growing season for broadleaf deciduous forest, broadleaf and needle-leaf mixed forest, broadleaf trees with groundcover, perennial grasslands, broadleaf shrubs with grasslands, tundra, desert, and cultivation. The regions with the largest increase in spring NPP appeared mainly in eastern China, while the areas with the largest increase in summer NPP occurred in most parts of Northwestern China, Qinghai-Xizang Plateau, Mts. Xiaoxinganling-Changbaishan, Sanjiang Plain, Songliao Plain, Sichuan Basin, Leizhou Peninsula, part of the middle and lower Yangtze River, and southeastern mountainous areas of China. In autumn, the largest NPP increase appeared in Yunnan Plateau-Eastern Xizang and the areas around Hulun Lake. Such different ways of the NPP responses depended on regional climate attributes and their changes. Key words: Carnegie-Ames-Stanford-Approach (CASA) model; net primary production (NPP); seasonal change; normalized difference vegetation index (NDVI); climate change
通讯作者。E-mail: jyfang @ urban.pku.edu.cn。
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PIAO Shi-Long, FANG Jing-Yun and CHEN An-Ping. Seasonal Dynamics of Terrestrial Net Primary Production in Response to Climate Changes in China[J]. J Integr Plant Biol., 2003, 45(3): 269-275.
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