J Integr Plant Biol. ›› 2003, Vol. 45 ›› Issue (3): 322-330.

• Research Articles • Previous Articles     Next Articles

Ultrastructural Studies on the Sieve Elements in Root Protophleom of Arabidopsis thaliana

WU Hong and ZHENG Xing-Feng   


The ultrastructures of the root protophleom sieve element at different developmental stages of Arabidopsis thaliana L. were investigated using the technique of high pressure freezing and freeze substitution fixing specimen. The results show that in the development of the sieve elements, the nuclei undergo typical characteristics of the programmed cell death (PCD): the nuclear envelopes form emboli, the chromatin condenses and aggregates towards the nuclear envelope, which degrades and fully disappears later. Before the nucleus degradation, neither the nuclear envelope undulation, nucleus lobe nor marked dilation (or bleb) of perinuclear space could be observed. In the cytoplasm of the mature sieve element, there are starch-like granules separately sheathed with a layer of membrane and usually with mitochondria around. These granules seem to provide substrates to mitochondria in their function. Small vacuoles originate from endoplasmic reticulum (ER), and no bigger vacuole was found. Key words: Arabidopsis thaliana; root; sieve element; ultrastructure; high pressure freezing

吴鸿 郑兴峰


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