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J Integr Plant Biol, 2003, 45 (5): 574-580, Research Article
Discussion on the Problem of Salt Gland of Glycine soja
ZHOU San, ZHAO Ke-Fu
doi:
Abstract

Glycine soja Sieb. et Zucc. plants living in saline soil in three provinces of China were treated with different salinity concentrations under different laboratory culture conditions (including solution, sand and field cultivation). The attachment shape and distribution on the surface of stalk and leaf of G. soja plants were observed with scanning electron microscopy (SEM), and the ultrastructure of glandular hair with transmission electron microscopy (TEM). Na+ and Cl- contents in the secretion of the leaf surface and inside the leaf of G. soja subjected to different treatments were measured. The Na+ relative contents in glandular cells, epidermal cells and mesophyllous cells of leaves under different salinities were determined by X-ray microanalysis. Results show that only glandular and epidermal hair exist on the surface attachments of leaves and stalks of G. soja plants. These glandular hair were similar in shape to some salt glands of Gramineae halophytes, and they attached to the vein on the leaf surface. The cell structure of the glandular hair showed the characteristics of common salt glands, such as big vacuoles, dense cytoplasm, a great deal of mitochondria, chloroplast, plasmodesmata and thicker cell walls, etc. The results of Na+ and Cl- contents in the leaf secretion and inside the leaf showed that the glandular hair executed the function of salt-secretion, and when treated with the salt gland inhibitor the salt-secretion process was inhibited. As a result, Na+ and Cl- were mainly accumulated inside G. soja leaves. The results of Na+ X-ray microanalysis under different salinities proved that the three cells of the glandular hair, especially the top cell, possessed strong competence for Na+ accumulation. Above all, the glandular hair were the salt gland, and no other kind of salt glands were found on G. soja plants. The secreting mechanism of the salt gland was also discussed.

关于野大豆盐腺问题的探讨
周 三 赵可夫

(山东师范大学逆境植物研究所,济南250014)

摘要: 以中国3个省的盐生野大豆(Glycine soja Sieb. et Zucc.)为材料,在沙基培养、溶液培养和大田种植3种种植条件下用不同浓度的盐处理,观测了茎叶表面附着物的形态分布和腺毛的超微结构,测定了叶片腺毛分泌物中和叶片组织内部Na+和Cl-的含量变化,并对腺毛的3个细胞以及表皮细胞和叶肉细胞内的Na+相对含量变化进行了X射线微区分析.结果发现:盐生野大豆茎叶表皮上生长的附着物中只有表皮毛和腺毛,腺毛的形态类似于禾本科植物中的一些盐腺,叶片上的腺毛均生长在叶脉上;腺毛细胞内部结构具有一般盐腺的特点,如有大液泡,稠密的细胞质,大量的线粒体、叶绿体、胞间连丝以及较厚的细胞壁等.通过测定在无盐对照、盐处理和盐处理加盐腺泌盐抑制剂条件下盐生野大豆叶片腺毛分泌物中和叶片组织内部的Na+和Cl-含量,结果显示,盐生野大豆腺毛具有泌盐功能,加入泌盐抑制剂后,其泌盐作用停止;腺毛的3个细胞以及表皮细胞和叶肉细胞内的Na+在不同的盐浓度下的微区定位分析结果表明,盐生野大豆叶片的腺毛细胞有较强的积累Na+的能力.综合分析认为,盐生野生大豆的腺毛就是具有泌盐功能的盐腺,没有发现其他类型的盐腺.

关键词: 野大豆;盐腺;超微结构;离子区域化

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