J Integr Plant Biol. ›› 2003, Vol. 45 ›› Issue (8): 944-948.

• Research Articles • Previous Articles     Next Articles

Flow Cytometric Evidence for Hydroxyl Radical-induced Apoptosis in Tobacco Protoplasts

LEI Xiao-Yong, LIAO Xu-Dong, ZHANG Gui-You, DAI Yao-Ren*   


Protoplasts prepared from tobacco (Nicotiana tabacum L., cultivar BY-2) suspension cells have similar morphological characteristics to those in animal cells. The hallmarks of apoptosis such as conden-sation and peripheral distribution of nuclei, TUNEL positive reaction, and DNA ladders were observed when tobacco protoplasts were treated with the hydroxyl radical generating system (1.0 mmol/L FeSO4/0.5 mmol/L H2O2). In animals, the loss of transmembrane potential (ΔΨ m ) and the exposure of phospholipid phosphatidylserine (PS) are believed to be the main apoptosis events. To test whether these significant processes take place in plants, flow cytometry was used to detect annexin V binding and changes in ΔΨ m . Results showed that the PS turned out from inner membrane and ΔΨ m gradually decreased during the apoptosis. All these apoptotic characteristics proved that hydroxyl radicals can cause typical programmed cell death (PCD) in tobacco protoplasts and this design can be served as an effective experiment system to explore the mechanism of plant apoptosis.


雷晓勇; 廖旭东; 张贵友; 戴尧仁;


摘要: 用1.0mmol/L FeSO4/0.5mmol/L H2O2处理烟草(Nicotiana tabacum L.,cultivar BY-2)原生质体,发现羟自由基能够诱导烟草原生质体的凋亡。具体表现为细胞核皱缩、DNA Ladder、TUNEL阳性反应等典型的凋亡特征。在动物细胞凋亡过程中,线粒体起着非常重要的作用,其中膜电位(ΔΨm)的变化以及由其引起的位于线粒体膜上的通透性孔(PTP)的开放与Cyt c的释放有关。另外,在动物凋亡细胞中,磷脂酰丝氨酸(phosphatidylserine,PS)会从细胞膜内侧向外翻转。为了判断植物细胞凋亡过程中膜电位的变化情况以及PS的外翻程度,我们采用了流式细胞法。结果表明,随着处理时间的延长,烟草原生质体线粒体的膜电位逐渐降低;膜内PS大量外翻。说明由羟自由基和烟草原生质体组成的凋亡体系是一种可靠的凋亡组合,可以用来对植物细胞凋亡机理做进一步研究。

关健词: 烟草原生质体;流式细胞法;调亡;程序性细胞死亡;羟自由基

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