J Integr Plant Biol. ›› 2019, Vol. 61 ›› Issue (10): 1062-1084.DOI: 10.1111/jipb.12744

Special Issue: Abiotic stress

• Plant-abiotic Interactions • Previous Articles     Next Articles

Basic-leucine zipper 17 and Hmg-CoA reductase degradation 3A are involved in salt acclimation memory in Arabidopsis

Lin Tian, Yan Zhang, Erfang Kang, Huifang Ma, Huan Zhao, Ming Yuan, Lei Zhu* and Ying Fu   

  1. College of Biological Sciences, China Agricultural University, Beijing 100193, China

    Email: Lei Zhu (zhulei3369@cau.edu.cn)
  • Received:2018-09-29 Accepted:2018-11-12 Online:2018-11-19 Published:2019-10-01

Abstract: Salt acclimation, which is induced by previous salt exposure, increases the resistance of plants to future exposure to salt stress. However, little is known about the underlying mechanism, particularly how plants store the “memory” of salt exposure. In this study, we established a system to study salt acclimation in Arabidopsis thaliana. Following treatment with a low concentration of salt, seedlings were allowed to recover to allow transitory salt responses to subside while maintaining the sustainable effects of salt acclimation. We performed transcriptome profiling analysis of these seedlings to identify genes related to salt acclimation memory. Notably, the expression of Basic‐leucine zipper 17 (bZIP17) and Hmg‐CoA reductase degradation 3A (HRD3A), which are important in the unfolded protein response (UPR) and endoplasmic reticulum‐associated degradation (ERAD), respectively, increased following treatment with a low concentration of salt and remained at stably high levels after the stimulus was removed, a treatment which improved plant tolerance to future high‐salinity challenge. Our findings suggest that the upregulated expression of important genes involved in the UPR and ERAD represents a “memory” of the history of salt exposure and enables more potent responses to future exposure to salt stress, providing new insights into the mechanisms underlying salt acclimation in plants.

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