J Integr Plant Biol. ›› 2022, Vol. 64 ›› Issue (4): 915-929.DOI: 10.1111/jipb.13235

• Photosynthesis and Crop Physiology • Previous Articles     Next Articles

The immunophilin CYCLOPHILIN28 affects PSII-LHCII supercomplex assembly and accumulation in Arabidopsis thaliana

Weining Zhu*, Linqing Xu, Xiaoxia Yu and Ying Zhong   

  1. Chinese Education Ministry's Key Laboratory of Western Resources and Modern Biotechnology, Key Laboratory of Biotechnology Shaanxi Province, College of Life Sciences, Northwest University, Xi'an 710069, China

    *Correspondence: Weining Zhu (weiningzhu@nwu.edu.cn)
  • Received:2022-01-17 Accepted:2022-02-18 Online:2022-02-24 Published:2022-04-01


In plant chloroplasts, photosystem II (PSII) complexes, together with light-harvesting complex II (LHCII), form various PSII-LHCII supercomplexes (SCs). This process likely involves immunophilins, but the underlying regulatory mechanisms are unclear. Here, by comparing Arabidopsis thaliana mutants lacking the chloroplast lumen-localized immunophilin CYCLOPHILIN28 (CYP28) to wild-type and transgenic complemented lines, we determined that CYP28 regulates the assembly and accumulation of PSII-LHCII SCs. Compared to the wild type, cyp28 plants showed accelerated leaf growth, earlier flowering time, and enhanced accumulation of high molecular weight PSII-LHCII SCs under normal light conditions. The lack of CYP28 also significantly affected the electron transport rate. Blue native-polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis analysis revealed more Lhcb6 and less Lhcb4 in M-LHCII-Lhcb4-Lhcb6 complexes in cyp28 versus wild-type plants. Peptidyl-prolyl cis/trans isomerase (PPIase) activity assays revealed that CYP28 exhibits weak PPIase activity and that its K113 and E187 residues are critical for this activity. Mutant analysis suggested that CYP28 may regulate PSII-LHCII SC accumulation by altering the configuration of Lhcb6 via its PPIase activity. Furthermore, the Lhcb6-P139 residue is critical for PSII-LHCII SC assembly and accumulation. Therefore, our findings suggest that CYP28 likely regulates PSII-LHCII SC assembly and accumulation by altering the configuration of P139 of Lhcb6 via its PPIase activity.

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