J Integr Plant Biol ›› 1992, Vol. 34 ›› Issue (10): -.

• Research Articles •    

Kinetin-promoted Polyribosome formation in relation to RNA Synthesis in Excised Mung Bean Cotyledons

Tan Bao-cai and Liang Hou-guo   

Abstract: The relative levels of polyribosomes and total ribosomal materials, the rates of RNA synthesis and the contents of each RNA component were investigated in excised cotyledons of mung bean (Phaseolus radiatus L.) incubated with and without kinetin. 12 h incubation with 50 μmol/ L kinetin markedly increased the levels of polyribosomes and decreased the levels of monoribosome, especially of the ribosomal subunits. In addition, levels of total ribosomal materials (ribosomal subunit+monoribosome+polyribosome) were also increased in cotyledons incubated with kinetin. The kinetin-promoted polyribosome formation could be arrested by the RNA synthesis inhibitor-actinomycin D(ACTD). Kinetin incubation greatly enhanced RNA synthesis and increased that RNA conten. A marked increase was found in the amount of poly(A)+-mRNA, while the levels of other RNA components (25S, 18S rRNA, 4–5S RNA) were also increased to different extent. These results suggest that the promotion of polyribosome formation by kinetin depends upon the de novo synthesis of mRNAs, and the promotion of ribosome con, struction by kinetin may also be related to the synthesis of rRNAs.

Key words: Phaseolus radiatus, Kinetin, Polyribosome formation, RNA synthesis

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