J Integr Plant Biol. ›› 2004, Vol. 46 ›› Issue (9): 1075-1082.
• Research Articles •
ZHANG Quan, Sodmergen, HU Yu-Shi, LIN Jin-Xing
The ontogeny and vascular systems of female cones of the Fokienia, Cupressus, Chamaecyparis and Juniperus were investigated in detail using scanning electron microscopy (SEM) and conventional light microscopy. In the species examined, in the axils of the bracts, the first recognizable structure was a broad meristematic swelling, from which ovules developed. No ovuliferous scales developed during the ontogeny of the female cones. The number of ovules and ovule developing sequence displayed considerable variation in different species. However, development of the bracts was similar in all of the investigated species. Following pollination, the foliage-like bracts became peltate bract scales due to intercalary expansion, and global cones formed. In addition, the vascular system in the bract scales became intricate, and inverted vascular bundles emerged in the adaxial of the mature bracts. Based on these observations, a morphological interpretation and possible evolutionary trend of the Cupressaceae female reproductive structures was discussed.
female cone development
ZHANG Quan, Sodmergen, HU Yu-Shi, LIN Jin-Xing. Female Cone Development in Fokienia, Cupressus, Chamaecyparis and Juniperus (Cupressaceae)[J]. J Integr Plant Biol., 2004, 46(9): 1075-1082.
Add to citation manager EndNote|Ris|BibTeX