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J Integr Plant Biol, 1994, 36 (9): -, Research Article
The Relationship Between the Change of Calmodulin Content and Ethylene Biosynthesis of Carnation Flower During Its Senescence
Tang Fu-qiang, Wu You-mei, Liu Yu and Liang Hou-guo
The relationship between the change of calmodulin content and the ethylene hiosynthesis in cut carnation flower (Dianthus caryophyllus ‘sun besm’ ) during its senescence was studied. Ethylene releasing was detected at the forth day and reached its peak at the sixth day after the cut carnation flower was cultured under controlled conditions of 27 ℃ with a 14 h photoperiod of 15000 lx provided by fluorescent lamps. The change of calmodulin content positively correlated with the increased' content of ACC, the activity of ACC synthase and ethylene production. The calmodulin contents in petals of the detached flower treated with GA, silver thiosulfate (STS) and aminooxyacetic acid (AOA) were lower than those in control flower petals before they withered, ethylene releasing was reduced and their senescence was delayed too. Ca2+ stimulated ethylene releasing in carnation flower petals, but chlorobenzene (CPZ), an antagonist of calmodulin, inhibited its releasing. It seemed that calmodulin was involved in the regulation of senescence of carnation flower.
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